Epilepsy is a condition in which a person has recurrent seizures.
It involves involuntary, tonic or clonic movements of either whole body or any part of a body.
A seizure is defined as an abnormal, disorderly discharging of the brain’s nerve cells, resulting in a temporary disturbance of motor, sensory or mental function.
Episodes of abnormal electrical activity within the brain result in seizures
The seizures have no known underlying cause. This is called primary or idiopathic epilepsy.
If the seizures have a known cause, the condition is referred to as secondary or symptomatic epilepsy.
Chemical imbalance such as low blood sugar or sodium level
Certain toxic chemicals or drugs of abuse
Stroke, including hemorrhage
Epilepsy Symptoms :-
There are three types of seizures:
1. Generalized seizures: All areas of the brain (the cortex) are involved in a generalized seizure called as grand mal epilepsy
Have rhythmic movements of the arms and legs.
Eyes are generally open.
The return to consciousness is gradual.
Passes urine involenterily.
Confusion is very common after tae episode .
2. Partial or focal seizures: Only part of the brain is involved, so only part of the body is affected. Depending on the part of the brain having abnormal electrical activity, symptoms may vary.
3. Absence or petit mal seizures: These are most common in childhood.
Impairment of consciousness is present with the person often staring blankly.
Repetitive blinking of eye or other small movements may be present.
These seizures are brief, lasting only seconds. Some people may have these seizures many times in a day.
When to Seek Medical Care for Epilepsy:-
Whenever a first seizure occurred , visit to your doctor or a hospital .
In peoples with known epileptic disorder, if there is a change in seizure patterns or frequency of seizures per day increases ,then please visit to your neurophysician.
A seizure that continues for more than 5 minutes
confusion or unconsciousness continues
Injuries sustained during a seizure
A first seizure
Epilepsy Exams and Test:-
The first task for the doctor is to decide if the event was a seizure or some other condition, such as fainting, that may mimic a seizure.
History of a patient .( Family history, social history, and past medical history are important as well.)
A neurological examination , such as strength and reflex testing.
Blood or urine testing.
Special test MRI, CT scan, or EEG (brain wave patterns)
Self-Care at Home for Epilepsy:-
It is important to take anti-convulsant medication regularly to prevent seizures.
When a seizure occurs, an observer can use common sense to prevent injuries.
Cushion the person’s head.
Loosen any tight neck wear.
Turn the person on his or her side.
Do not hold the person down or restrain the person.
Do not place your hand in the mouth or try to pry the teeth apart. Put some cloth to prevent tongue bite.
Epilepsy Medications :-
Depending on the seizure type, treatment defers . This include anti-convulsant medicines to prevents or stops seizures.
•Monitoring of anti-convulsant medicines and laboratory tests are necessary.
Follow-up varies significantly depending on an identified cause of seizures and the frequency of seizures.
•For people with infrequent seizures who are on constant medications, follow-up visits once or twice a year may be adequate.
•If the seizures are difficult to control or if new medications are being used, weekly visits are not unusual.
If the seizures are related to another medical condition, identify and treat that medical condition . Do not miss medication is important.
•Disturbed sleep also increases seizures
•Flowing water can provoke seizures , so restrict swimming.
•Cycling, speed also increases seizure episodes.
So take care…..and help the people who are in seizure phase.
For more such tips or to visit epilepsy doctor in your area , download Prescribez App from Google Play Store or Apple App store.