What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? It’s Symptoms and Cure!
What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of prostate gland in male . As you age, your prostate may get larger.
The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It is about the size of a walnut and weighs about an ounce. The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum ( stool reservoir ). The prostate goes all the way around a urinary tube called the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the bladder out through the penis.
The main function of the prostate is to make fluid for semen. During ejaculation, sperm made in the testicles moves to the urethra. At the same time, fluid from the prostate and the seminal vesicles also moves into the urethra. This mixture-semen-goes through the urethra and out the penis.
As the prostate gland enlarges, it causes pressure on urethra . The bladder wall becomes thicker. Leades to , the bladder weakness .It leads to lose the ability of bladder to empty the urine completely, leaving some residual urine in the bladder. It is called Retention of Urine .
BPH is benign means non-cancerous. But BPH and cancer can occer at the same time.
Symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
• A common symptom of BPH is increased frequency of urination. This can be every one to two hours, especially at night.
• Feeling that the bladder is full, even right after urinating
• Feeling that urinating "can't wait"
• Weak urine flow
• Dribbling of urine
• The need to stop and start urinating several times
• Trouble in starting to urinate
• The need to strain to urinate
In severe cases, you might not be able to urinate at all. This is an emergency. It must be treated right away.
Do BPH Affect Your Life?
In most men, BPH gets worse as age increases. It can lead to bladder damage and infection , blood in the urine.
Causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
It occurs mainly in older men.
Throughout their lives, men produce testosterone, a male hormone, and small amounts of estrogen, a female hormone. As age increases , the amount of active testosterone in blood decreases, a higher proportion of estrogen remains. The higher proportion of estrogen within the prostate increases prostate cell growth.
Risk Factors For benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
Risk factors include aging and a family history of BPH. Other risk factors are obesity, lack of physical activity, and erectile dysfunction (ED).
There is no sure way to prevent BPH
• Losing weight and eating a healthy diet, with fruits and vegetables,
• Staying active also helps weight and hormone levels.
Diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
• Medical history.
• A physical exam with a digital rectal exam (DRE).
• Urinalysis (urine test)
• PSA blood test to screen for prostate cancer
• Urinary blood test to screen for bladder cancer
• Post-void residual volume (PVR) to measure urine left in the bladder after urinating
• Uroflowmetry to measure how fast urine flows
• Cystoscopy to look at the urethra or bladder with a scope
• Urodynamic pressure to test pressure in the bladder during urinating
• Ultrasound of the prostate
Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
The main treatments for BPH are:-
• Wait and watch
• Medical Therapies
• Minimally Invasive Surgery
After treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):-
For most men, symptoms improve after treatment. Infection, bleeding, incontinence , and erectile dysfunction may occur after some treatments. In some cases, scar tissue may form. There may be complications after surgery. Some men need further or new treatment.
Long term side effects of treatment:-
Most side effects are temporary. It may take a while for sexual function to return fully. Most men find little or no difference in orgasm. They may have retrograde ejaculation.
Prevention of recurrence of BPH:-
Once you have been treated, taking medication continually can prevent BPH symptoms from returning or getting worse.