Simple diet guide for diabetes patients
Diabetes Diet and Eating
Making wise food choices can help you lower your risk for heart disease, stroke, and other problems caused by diabetes
Healthful eating helps keep your blood glucose in your target range.
Target Blood Glucose Levels for People with Diabetes:-
– Before meals-80 to 130
– 2 hours after a meal- less than 180
You can keep your blood glucose levels on target by
• making wise food choices
• being physically active
• taking medicines if needed
What you eat and when you eat affect how your diabetes medicines work:-
.Low Blood Glucose (Hypoglycemia)-
Can make you feel shaky, weak, confused, irritable, hungry, tired, sweating a lot.
5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
• 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
They provide carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Whole grain starches are healthier because they have more vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
Vegetables provide vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They are low in carbohydrate.Raw and low cooked vegetables is a healthy way to eat vegetables.
Fruits provide carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, and fiber.Choose pieces of fruit more often than fruit juice. Whole fruit is more filling and has more fiber.
Milk provides carbohydrate, protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals.
Note: If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, have four to five servings of milk each day.
Try to drink fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%) milk.
5] Meat and Meat Substitutes
Eat small amounts of some of these foods each day.
Meat and meat substitutes provide protein, vitamins, and minerals.
6] Fats and Sweets
Limit the amount of fats and sweets you eat.
How can I satisfy my sweet tooth?
Try having sugar-free popsicles, diet soda, fat-free ice cream or frozen yogurt, or sugar-free hot cocoa mix.
7] Alcoholic Drinks
Say no to alcohol as it reduces glucose level in blood and increases fat level.
Plan your meals and snacks for one day.
When You’re Sick-
Take care of yourself .
•Keep taking your diabetes medicines. You need them even if you can’t keep food down.
•Drink at least one cup of water every hour while you’re awake.
•If you can’t eat at all, drink clear liquids such as ginger ale.