Food allergies in children | Symptoms and Prevention

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Food allergies in children | Symptoms and Prevention

Food allergies in children

A food allergy is an abnormal immune response of the body to a certain food.

What causes food allergies?
Before having a food allergy, a sensitive child must be exposed to the food at least once before, or may get sensitized through breast milk. When second time your child eats the food , the allergic reaction occurs. The symptoms may be in any form like hives, asthma, itching in the mouth, difficulty in breathing, stomach pains, vomiting, and/or diarrhea.

What is the difference between food allergy and food intolerance?
Food allergy is an immune system response, causing symptoms varies from just uneasiness to life threatening.
Food intolerance does not affect the immune system. Here symptoms are not life threatening.
Though some symptoms are common, but both are totally different entities.

Food allergies in children | Symptoms and Prevention
What foods most often cause food allergies?

Approximately 90 per cent of all food allergies are caused by the following eight foods articles
• milk
• eggs
• wheat
• soy
• tree nuts
• fish
• shellfish
• peanuts

Eggs, milk, and peanuts are the most common causes of food allergies in children, with wheat, soy, and tree nuts also included.
Peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish commonly cause the most severe reactions.
2 to 4 per cent of children have food allergies.
As age increases , allergic diathesis reduced . But allergy to peanuts, tree nuts, and shellfish may remain for life-long.

What are the symptoms of food allergies?

Allergic symptoms may begin within minutes to an hour after ingesting the food.
 vomiting
 diarrhoea
 cramps
 hives( red patchy swelling)
 swelling all over body
 itching or swelling of the lips, tongue, or mouth
 itching or tightness in the throat
 difficulty breathing
 wheezing
 lowered blood pressure

There is no need to take much of the food to cause a severe reaction in highly allergic people.
Treatment for food allergies:
There is no such medicine to prevent food allergy. The only way is to prevent your kid from eating such allergic food.
If you are breastfeeding your child, avoid foods in your diet that causes allergic reaction to your baby. As food allergen may get transmitted to your child through your breast milk .
It is also important to give vitamins and minerals to your child if your kid is unable to eat certain foods.
For severe food reaction, always keep emergency medical lit as per your doctor suggested .
Milk and soy allergies:
Allergy to milk and soy are commonly seen in infants and young children. Often, these symptoms are different from the symptoms of other allergies. These are:-
 colic (fussy baby)
 blood in your child's stool
 poor growth

Prevention of food allergies:

The development of food allergies cannot be prevented, but can often be delayed in infants by following these recommendations:
• try only to breastfeed infant for the first 6 months.
• Do not give solid foods until your child is 6 months of age or older.
• Avoid cow's milk, wheat, eggs, peanuts, and fish during your child's first year of life.