4 Common Symptoms of Asthma And It’s Diagnosis

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4 Common Symptoms of Asthma And It’s Diagnosis

What Is Asthma?


Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. It causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe).


Overview :
The airways are tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs. People who have asthma have inflamed airways. The inflammation makes the airways swollen and very sensitive. The airways tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances.
When the airways react, the muscles around them tighten. This narrows the airways, causing less air to flow into the lungs. The swelling also can worsen, making the airways even narrower. Cells in the airways might make more mucus than usual. Mucus is a sticky, thick liquid that can further narrow the airways.
This chain reaction can result in symptoms.
Symptoms can happen each time the airways are inflamed.When symptoms get more intense and/or more symptoms occur, you're having an asthma attack. That attacks also are called flareups or exacerbation .
Treating symptoms when you first notice them is important. This will help prevent the symptoms from worsening and causing a severe attack.
Outlook Asthma has no cure. Even when you feel fine, you still have the disease and it can flare up at any time.


Common signs and symptoms -
1.Coughing.
2.Wheezing
3.Chest tightness
4.Shortness of breath
Severe symptoms can be fatal. It's important to treat symptoms when you first notice them so they don't become severe
Causative factors


The exact cause of asthma isn't known -
1. Family history related of that desease
2.Certain respiratory infections during childhood
3.Allergens - dust, animal fur, cockroaches, mold, and pollens from trees, grasses, and flowers
4.Irritants - cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in the workplace, compounds in home décor products, and sprays (such as hairspray)
5.Medicines- aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and nonselective beta-blockers
6.Sulfites in foods and drinks
7.Throat infection
8.Physical activity, including heavy exercise
9.Occupational asthma- asthma because of contact with certain chemical irritants or industrial dusts in the workplace.


Asthma Diagnosis -
Medical and Family Histories
Physical Examination
Lung Function Test-spirometry
• X- ray chest
• ECG